Estratégias de Leitura em Língua Inglesa

Wednesday, May 24, 2006

Prefixos e Sufixos da Língua Inglesa

PREFIXOS E SUFIXO DA LÍNGUA INGLESA


Using basic quantification methods may identify patterns of word use, vocabulary, or syntactic structures. Locating high or low frequency occurrences of specific phrases, words, or structures may indicate an area worthy of further exploration.
1-Using - usando
2-Quantification - quantificação
3-Vocabulary - vocabulário
4-Exploration - exploração
P. 63

Document relatedness may be evaluated by comparing high frequency words and matching documents with significant similarity in words and occurrence.
5-Relatedness - relatividade
6-Evaluated - avaliado
7-Frequency – freqüencia
8-Matching - combinando
9-Similarity - similaridade
P.70

How to determine how users interact with traditional print materials.
10-Interact - interagem
P. 75

Economics may be considered the activities undertaken to provide for the satisfaction of desires.
11-Considered - considerado
12-Undertaken - empreendido
13-Satisfaction - satisfação
P. 80

The actual enterprises involved in the creation, accumulation, application, and manipulation of information, as well as its related technologies and related offspring, are actually economically productive in ways not previously recognized.
14-Involved - envolvido
15-Creation - criação
16-Accumulation - acumulação
17-Application - aplicação
18-Manipulation - manipulação
19-Related - relatado
20-Actually - atualmente
21-Economically - economicamente
22-Previously - previamente
23-Recognized - reconhecido
P. 81

The reliability, acceptability, and validity of the results of the application of these tools should be as we are investigating unknowns from various perspectives.
24-Reliability - confiabilidade
25-Acceptability - aceitabilidade
26-Validity - validade
27-Application - aplicação
28-Investigating - investigando
29-Unknowns - desconhecidos
P. 89

Modeling may be adventurous and creative but these limitations imposed on the model must be clear, or extrapolations that lead to confusion are created.
30-Modeling - modelando
31-Limitations - limitações
32-Imposed - imposto
33-Extrapolation - extrapolação
34-Confusion - confusão
35-Created - criado
P. 91

Essentially, macroeconomics considers the larger economic system by focusing on national economics, or global economics.
36-Essentially - essencialmente
37-Macroeconomics - macroeconômico
38-Focusing - focalisando
P. 91

Such risks include placing value on what valuable only to a closed culture, or undervaluing information because it is misunderstood but is later clarified and found to be extreme value.
39-Placing - colocando
40-Closed - fechado
41-Clarified - esclarecido
42-Undervaluing - avaliando
P. 103

This utility value is certainly valid after the database has been purchased, how does the purchased determine the value of information before it is purchased?
43-Certainly - certamente
P. 103

Basically, the purchaser, needs information about information in the database to make the decision to purchase.
44-Basically - basicamente
P.103

Despite the simulates between purchasing information, there overriding, recurring issue of depth of unknown referent to information.
45-Information - informação
46-Overriding - cancelando
P. 105

Even, the ones economists like to overlook because they make the equations ungainly.
47-Ungainly – sem ganho
48-Equations - equações
P. 106

The alternative, that is, not having put the equipment into the classroom not having trained the teachers adequately would, mean no benefit.
49-Having - tendo
P. 106

Locating high or low frequency occurrences of specific phrases, words, or structures may indicate an area worthy of further exploration.
50-Locating – localizando
P.63



Conclusões

1 - Para as palavras em português terminadas em “dade”, temos uma equivalente em inglês terminada em “ty”.
Ex: acceptability – aceitabilidade

2 - As palavras em inglês terminadas em “tion” têm uma equivalente em português terminada em “ção”. Desse modo, as palavras ganham forma e sentido de substantivo.
Ex: creation - criação

3 - Para o advérbios em inglês terminados com o sufixo “lly”, temos um equivalente em português terminado em “mente”. Essa terminação deixa as palavras com sentido de advérbio.
Ex: essentially – essencialmente

4 - O sufixo “ing” indica que uma palavra da língua inglesa está no presente contínuo. Dá um sentido de ação contínua ao verbo.
Ex: locating – localizando

5 - Quando uma palavra em inglês termina com o sufixo “ed”, podemos dizer que ela está no passado.
Ex: recognized – reconhecido

6 - Se uma palavra em inglês tem o sufixo “ness”, sua tradução para o português terá o sufixo “dade”.
Ex: relatedness – relatividade (no sentido de relater, contra)

7 - O prefixo “inter” significa “dentro”.
Ex: interact – interação

8 - O prefixo “un” dá um sentido de negação às palavras.
Ex: unknowns – desconhecidos

9 - O prefixo “macro” significa grande, tanto no inglês quanto no português.
Ex: macroeconomics - macroeconômico

Palavras de Ligação da Língua Inglesa

PALAVRAS DE LIGAÇÃO


Though the image may seem exaggerated...
Pág. 4
1-Though: embora

... where would science be witch out the observations...
Pág. 4
2-Where: onde

... Which formed the basis for further exploration and...
Pág. 4
3-Which: qual

... Thought, considered, espoused, and imagined.
Pág. 4
4-Thought: apesar

...science is the study of all of these at least in some respct...
Pág. 5
5-At least: ao menos

...so too should our sense of information...
Pág. 5
6-So: assim

... more than recorded words and...
Pág. 5
7-More than: mais do que

... about the roon you are in, in the...
Pág. 5 linha 15
8-About: sobre

Somehow,humanity examined the world in whitch it lived...
Pág. 6
9-Somehow: de algum modo

... just as we connot readily grasp the future...
Pág. 6
10-Just as: apenas como

When you speak, your voice is a signal carried by the air to the ears of whomever is present; they are the receivers.
Pág.40

11-Whomever: quem quer

Communication involves a transmission but it has a source and a recipient. Pág.41
12-But: porém

Or, information exposure may be active, where the information is pursued and/or applied consciously.
Pág.42
13-And/or: e/ou

The experience of a hurricane would not be yours so long as you remained in West Texas, although you would probably be very familiar with tornados and dust storms.
Pag.45
14-Although: mesmo que

The process is influenced by circumstances governing the transmitter, the person initially having information, the person receiving the information, the recipients and the channels or social/culture environments surrounding the individuals involved, as well as the content of the information message.
Pág.46
15-As well as: bem como

Firsthand experience of a war, however, may dramatically influence how you view yourself, your faith, and the world; therefore your image would be significantly impacted.
Pág. 47
16-Therefore: portanto
17-However: entretanto

These are all concerns that must be included in any information transfer model; that is, in any communication system.
Pág.48
18-That is: isto é

A component of retrieval is intimately related to the collection of materials, in particular, whether the collection consulted has the information desired and whether it is retrievable.
Pág.51
19-Whether: se

They are also usually sorted into fruit, with all the apples next to one another, all pears next to one another while the vegetables are also grouped together, such as red, yellow, and whit onions and different squashes together and so on. This is organization by association.
Pág.52
20-This is: isso é
21-While: ao passo que
22-Such as: como

For example, vertebrates are creatures with backbones, as opposed to nonvertebrates, which are creatures without backbones.
Pág. 54
23-Which: que

With this information it is clear that the animal is not a human being, nor an amoeba, but still not sufficient information to be able to name the animal.
Pág. 54
24-Nor: nem

The use of the collection is important in the design because it will indicate what information and what formats of information are needed to build the collection.
Pág.55
25-Because: porque

Using basic quantification methods may identify patterns of word use, vocabulary, or syntactic structures.
Pág.63
26-May: podem

For example, there is much debate about a proper method to measure student achievement or teaching success.
Pág.64
27-For example: por exemplo

28-Since the teacher awards the grades there may be a conflict in looking at success from this view.
Pág.64
Since: desde

Another example of measuring objects or representatives would be researching the number of journals published in medicine…
Pág66
29-Another example: outro exemplo

Information value, if characterized as being measured as the usefulness or utility of information, cannot usually be ascribed until after the information has been obtained and applied.
Pág99
30-As being: sendo

However, until the information is disputed , the information value, assigned in this instance by an external culture, Will be based upon criteria of the external culture.
Pág 101 e 102
31-However: porém
32-By: por

An error in interpretation might lead to a different set or ideas and discoveries and have resulting information value, with could be positive or negative.
Pág102
33-And: e
34-With: com

If the information sources are all external or all internal, or any extremely imbalanced configuration thereof, the information should then be appraised with extreme caution.
Pág102
35-If: se
36-Or: ou
37-Then: então

This is issue that has not yet been adequately answered.
Pág.103
38-Yet: ainda

As such, the study of the economics has created theories and models to explain the activities, to examine the functions of the economic system.
Pág.80
39-As such: bem como

However, consumption may also refer to the use of resources.
Pág.80
40-However: de qualquer modo

According to Cleveland (1982) information is expandable, that is, all the information is never fully acquired.
Pág.84
41-According to: de acordo com
42-That is: isto é

As times goes by, the volume of information grows exponentially.
Pág.85
43-As times goes by: à medida que o tempo passa

The main reason to the development of the creation of the Information Science is the great volume of the information in the world.
Pág.86
44-The main reason: a razão principal

At the same time, the usefulness and creative stimulation that models offer should not be underestimated.
Pág.89
45- At the same time: ao mesmo tempo

As long as the fact that the model is not a total representation of the phenomenon is recognized, fruitful exploration may result.
Pág.90
46-As long as: contanto que

In particular, the microeconomic version of models is too limited in scope to account for the diverse and almost unpredictable qualities of information.
Pág.92
47-In particular: em particular

From now on, the scientists have to study the impacts of the information in the society.
Pág.92
48-From now on: de agora em diante

As indicated above, much confusion has been allowed to enter into the areas employing economics models.
Pág.93
49-As indicated above: como indicado acima

Whenever a new theory is crated, it generate so much discussion.
Pág.93
50-Whenever: sempre que

Verbos da Língua Inglesa e Suas Traduções

Verbos Irregulares


Though the image may seem exaggerated...
Pág. 4
1 – To seem: Parecer

... where would science be witch out the observations...
Pág. 4
2 - Would: Iria
The signal is send from a beginning point thought a channel, such as a wire or cable, to receiver.
Pág. 39
3 – To send: enviar

For example, an electrical signal, generated by dialing a phone number, is carried over phone wires to the appropriate telephone set where the signal is received.
Pág. 39
4 – To set: colocar

Such difficulty would contribute to uncertainty, that is, make it difficult to decode the signal correctly.
Pág. 40
5 – To make: fazer

When a cat cries, the sound itself is a signal, the sound is carried through the air.
Pág. 40
6 – To cry: chorar

When you speak, your voice is a signal carried to the air to the ears of however is present…
Pág. 40
7 – To speak: falar

However if you stand perfectly still, saying nothing, you are still communicating, sending a signal, via a different medium.
Pág. 40
8 - To stand: permanecer
9 – To say: dizer
10 – To send: enviar

Or, information exposure may be active, where the information is pursued and/or applied consciously.
Pág.42
11 - Is: É

Historically, these authors have created the paths used to review information value and attempted to cope with the complexities of the value of information
Pág. 99
12 – To have: Ter

There was an assumption of rink, an acceptance of uncertainty in venturing into the experiment.
Pág. 103
13 – Was: Era

Some of the solutions addressed tangential issues or had discovered larger economic edvantages such,s velcro.
Pág. 105
14 – Had: tinha

So many voices can now be heard that new structures and economies must be considered.
Pág. 108
15 – To hear: ouvir

Boundaries become blurred, both within the work groups and within the organization.
Pág.111
16 – To become: tornar-se

This in formations flow leads to greater customization of factory orders to serve particulars retailers or wholesalers.
Pág. 81
17 - To lead: liderar

If their research and development department fails to keep current with changing technology, changing design methods…
Pág. 82
18 – To keep: manter

Direct stakeholders range from the telecommunications industries, which may optionally hold the most sway over future…
Pág. 82
19 – To hold: segurar

In the smaller view, the backers and workers of business and their direct contacts would be the stakeholders.
Pág. 82
20 – To be: ser

Information can conveyed via a commercial, a photograph , a body language expression, or hidden in the works of a novel or newspaper.
Pág. 84
21 - To hide: esconder

Additionally, the receiver may be able to improve upon the idea, expand it, and find a new application for it.
Pág. 84
22 – To find: encontrar

This usually means eliminating those aspects of a situation from a model that are difficult to measure or evaluate.
Pág. 85
23 – To mean: significar

Two interferences can be drawn from the discussion so far.
Pág. 85
24 – To draw: traçar

Indeed the work of these individuals did much to bring the concept of uncertainty into virtually al areas of economy study.
Pág. 85
25 – To bring: trazer



Verbos regulares


His theory revolved around a statistical formula to determine the amount of derivation from a code the signal could tolerate and be received in a state that could be decoded.
1 – To determine – detreminar
2- To decode - decodificar

... Which formed the basis for further exploration and...
Pág. 4
3 - To form: formar

... Thought, considered, espoused, and imagined.
Pág. 4
4 - To considerer: considerar
5 - To imagine: imaginar

... more than recorded words and...
Pág. 5
6 – To record: registrar

Somehow, humanity examined the world in which it lived...
Pág. 6
7 – To examine: examinar

When you speak, your voice is a signal carried by the air to the ears of whomever is present; they are the receivers.
Pág.40
8- To carrier: levar

The experience of a hurricane would not be yours so long as you remained in West Texas, although you would probably be very familiar with tornados and dust storms.
Pag.45
10 – To remain: lembrar

The process is influenced by circumstances governing the transmitter, the person initially having information, the person receiving the information, the recipients and the channels or social/culture environments surrounding the individuals involved, as well as the content of the information message.
Pág.46
12 – To receive: receber
13 – To involve: envolver

Stabling the value of information has presented complex and unique problems for economists and information scientists for most of this century (king,,Roderer and Olsen,1983).
Pág. 99
14 – To present: apresentar

In 1945, Hayek discussed the market mechanism as a way in which information is valued.
Pág. 99
15 - To discuss: discutir
16 – To value: avaliar

Fritiz Macchlup (1979) examined the issues involved in measuring the value of information and offered several cost- benefit analysis considerations for use in this effort.
Pág. 99
17– To examine: examiner

Historically, these authors have created the paths used to review information value and attempted to cope with the complexities of the value of information
Pág. 99
18– To use: usar
19– To attempt: tentar

Some of the solutions addressed tangential issues or had discovered larger economic advantages such as velcro.
Pág. 105
20 – To address: enviar
21 – To discover: descobrir

These transitional organization states, where information technology is not fully installed or implemented, can have negative effects on the organization at both and micro leveles.
Pág. 115
22 – To implement: implementar

So many voices can now be heard that new structures and economies must be considered.
Pág. 108
23 - To consider: considerer

For example, an electrical signal, generated by dialing a phone number, is carried over phone wires to the appropriate telephone set where the signal is received.
Pág. 39
24 – To generate: gerar

One of the more influential theories of communication originated with a question about electronic signal transmission.
Pág. 39
25 – To originate: originar

Wednesday, March 29, 2006

Substantivos em Inglês e suas Traduções

Pág.3
Information sceince has deep historical roots accented with significant crontroversy and conflicting views.The consepts of this science may be at the heart of many disciplines, but the emergence of information science has been limited to the twentieth century. Protracted discussion of the definition of information, knowledge, comunication, and uncertainty have created insight into the complexies of human information behaviors and the information scientist may be the best demostrator of the science.
1-Roots: Raises
2-Heart: Coração
3-Century: Século
4-Scientist: Cientista
5-Science: Ciência
6-Communication: Comunicação

Pág.3
This chapter presents a grandiose view of information to encourage the discussion of information in all its possible roles as well as a brief historical foundation of information science to provide some location in the time for this discussion.
7-Chapter: Capítulo

Pág.3
The foundation is not comprehensive, that would be a volume in and of it self, but it highlights some situations and people that contributed to the development of information science today.
8-People: Pessoa
9-Today: Hoje

Pág.3
As there are many disciplines that contribute to this field, it is not possible to identify all the key figures.
10-Field: Campo
11-Key: Chave
12-Figures: Figuras

Pág.9
The preliterate traditions were linked to human carries; faithfulness to completeness and accuracy in the rendition of the information was critical, as well as considered a sacred duty and much admired skill(Riesman, 1960). The development of writing, even in a pictorial form, was a method for preserving what was seen or occurred, and allowed it to be shared without requiring both parties to be the same place at the same time. Exemplars would be cave paintings in France, clay tablets from the Middle East, the pottery of the native Americans, the hand-scripted manuscripts of the Middle Ages. All of these permit the sharing of information, and indeed are themselves information as well as carries, without requiring a human host, and often surviving the originating community (Riesman).Could not the potentially influence others, contribute an expanding view and understanding, altering what was viewed as information, even what was considered knowledge and truth?
13-Form: Formulário
14-Time: Tempo
15-Paintings: Pinturas
16-Tablets: Tabuletas
17-Ceramics: Cerâmica
18-Manuscripts: Manuscrito
19Hand: Mão

Pág. 19
The discussion of what is information science and what has been on going debate for several decades. In 1968.
20- Decades: Décadas

Pág 21
In seeking a new sense of identity, we ask, in this article the question:
What is information science? What does the information scientist do?
Tentative answers to these questions are given in the hope stimulating discussion that will help clarify the nature o four field and our work.
21-Articule: Artigo
22-Nature: Natural
23-Work: Trabalho

Pág.21
Now that the American Documentation Institute has voted to change its name to the American Society for Information Science, many of us have been forced to try to explain to friends and colleagues what information
Science is, what an information scientist does, and how all of this relates to librarianship and documentation. Those of us who have tried to make such explanations know that this is a difficult task… As an exercise I decided to prepare an answer to these questions at leisure rather than under the pressure of a direct inquiry. Let me state at the outset that I don’t think have the answer. It is hoped that this paper may provide a focus for discussion so that we can clarify our thinking and perhaps be more articulate about who we are and what we do.
24-Documentation: Documentação
25-Friends: Amigos
26-Colleagues: Colegas
27-Librarianship: Biblioteca
28-Answer: Resposta
29-Paper: Papel
30-Leisure: Lazer
31-Exercise: Exercício
32-Society: Sociedade
33-Institute: Instituto

Pág.40
Uncertainty in this context meant that the receiver had to select among various possibilities to determine the correct signal.
34-Receptor: Receiver



Pág.40
When a cat cries, the sound itself is a signal, the sound is carried through the air, the channel, and received by your eardrums, which the sound causes to vibrate.
35-Cat: Gato
36-Sound: Som
37-Signal: Sinal
38-Air: Ar
39-Eardrums: Tímpanos

Pág.41
The color of the sky informs of aspects of the weather – a clear blue sky tells us of a different sort of weather than a gray-black cloudy sky.
40-Color: Cor
41-Sky: Céu
42-Weather: Clima
43-Blue: Azul

Pág.41
For example, when selecting a stock, you may perform extensive research to evaluate a given company’s historical stock performance, the behavior of the management team and the current and predicted status of the market in which they operate.
44-Research: Pesquisa

Pág.43
Two hundred years ago the stagecoach was an information channel, indeed, a part of a communication system.
45-Years: Anos
46-Channel: Canal

Pág.43
Few of us have ever walked on the moon; most of us can only imagine the way the moon-ground feels beneath the foot, or how it feels to lumber about in spacesuits.
47-Moon: Lua
48-Foot: Pé
49-Spacesuits: Astronauta

Pág.46
In some ways, we all remain naïve, limited by the boundaries of our experiences and those who first contributed to our image.
50-Image: Imagem

Pág.47
A fundamental principle of human communication is that the exchange of ideas occurs most frequently between individuals who are alike, or homophonous.
51-Human: Humana
52-Individuals: Indivíduos


Pág.49
The noise may be entrenchment, wherein the participants hold their beliefs as inviolate and cannot accept any deviation or suggestion thereof.
53-Noise: Barulho

Pág.51
Association seems to play a large role in cognition and has been a powerful influence in the design of classification system.
54-Role: Papel

Pág.52
If the store were arranged alphabetically, there would have to be agreement about what each item would de called.
55-Store: Loja

Pág.53
By imposing a structures, preferably one with clear criteria for inclusion, with rules for placement and association, a blueprint is created that permits the location of items based on the rules that position them in the collection.
56-Blueprint: Desenho técnico
57-Collection: Coleção

Pág.54
For example, vertebrates are creatures with back-bones, a appose to no vertebrates, which are creatures without back-bone.
58-Vertebrates: Vertebrados
59-Bone: Osso

Pág.54
All members of the family of Felidae are carnivorous, mammals with backbones.
60-Family: Família
61-Carnivorous: Carnívoros
62-Mammals: Mamíferos

Pág.63
Bibliometrics uses quantitative and qualitatively descriptive, such as statistics and mathematical analysis, to examine documents. However, the study of bibliometrics is also concerned with document surrogates, the relations that might be derived or inferred related to the production, manipulation or redistribution of information (Buckland, 1991; Pao, 1989; White and Mc-Cain, 1989). The word bibliometrics sac be divided in to “biblio’, which refers to books or bibliographies, and “metrics”, which refers to measurement.
63-Methods: Métodos
64-Statistics: Estatísticas
65-Documents: Documentos
66-Production: Produção
67-Manipulation: Manipulação
68-Redistribution: Redistribuição
69-Bibliographies: Bibliografias
70-Measurement: Medidas
Pág.63
Human information is stored in a variety of media amenable to measurement, including text, film, electronic, aural recordings, art, and other recordable or translatable formats. Some researchers separate the study of information and communication forms into separate groups such as data, information, knowledge, and other documents or text.
71-Media: Mídia
72-Art: Arte
73-Text: Texto
74-Film: Filme
75-Formats: Formatos
76-Researchers: Pesquisadores
77-Data: Dado
78-Knowledge: Conhecimento

Pág.63
Retrospective examination of database collections to identify any potential patterns or statistically significant variations may yield new insight into the objects of the database…
79-Database: Banco de Dados
80-Collections: Coleções
81-Objects: Objetos

Pág.67
It may also be a way to establish what the focus of interests, or new topics, in a discipline were at a given time or the influences affecting the field.
82-Way: Caminho
83-Focus: Foco
84-Topics: Tópicos
85-Discipline: Disciplina

Pág.99
In 1945, Hayek discussed the market mechanism as a way in which information is valued.
86-Market: Mercado

Pág.99
Fritiz Macchlup (1979) examined the issues involved in measuring the value of information and offered several cost-benefit analysis considerations for use in this effort.
87-Cost-benefit: Custo-benefício

Pág.99
Historically, these authors have crated the paths used to review information value and attempted to cope with the complexities of the value of information
88- Authors: Autores

Pág.99
Attempts to clarify the definition of information to attend to the issue of valuing it have engaged economists and information scientist in cost-benefit analysis discussions, commodity, versus resource debates , probability, theory, game theory, and multitudes of various other controversies.
89-Economists: Econominstas
90-Game: Jogos

Pág.100
Key to any discussion of information value has to be the context of the consideration, which is one of the areas that economic modeling tends to simplify beyond recognition.
91-Áreas: Areas

Pág.100
Actual information value is steep in enormous context, built by the actors, the environment, and the antipated, of hoped for, outcomes.
92-Context: Contexto
93-Outcomes: Resultados

Pág.100
Value refers to the utility, which is assumed, demonstrated, or bestowed upon an emit activity, or product utility equals use or usefulness.
94-Product: Produto

Pág.100
Identity characteristics include cultural, personal, and organizational components.
95-Components: Componente

Pág.100
Traditions, information about the conduct of a particular group, pass from one generation to another as the continuance of a body of information that separates from another.
96-Group: Grupo

Pág.101
In renovation of information, international modification ,intentional is undertaken, such as adjusting all books to use politically correct gender descriptors; this changes the information conveyed and depending on which side issue one stands changes he value placed upon that information.
97-Books: Livros

Pág.103
In parts of the academic word, the organizational structure rewards seekers of new information with little regard to the value of that information.
98-Academic: Acadêmico

Pág.104
Purchasers of information must make more complex decisions about information than about physical materials.
99-Mateials: Matérias

Pág.105
Many new products and much new information emerged from the NASA programs to the reach the moon.
100-Programs: programas
101-Moon: Lua

Pág.106
The equipment will degrade over time, but if it is used to its fullest, integrated into the curriculum so that students and teachers are maximizing results, the depreciation would be appropriate over time and still be a benefit as even an old system is useful when properly integrated and managed.
102-Equipament: Equipamento
103-Students: Estudante
104-Teachers: Professores

Pág.111
And essentially, evolution of computer technology, especially networking systems, has impacted every aspect of the traditional organization.
105-Computer: Computador
106-Tecnology: Tecnologia
107-Systems: Sistemas

Pág.115
These transitional organization states, where information technology is not fully installed or implemented, can have negative effects on the organization at both and micro levels.
108-States: Estados

Pág.118
Sweat and Hubbard (june21,1999)report that while expenditures on customer services and software expanded from $ 200million to over $ 1 billion between 1994 and 1997, indications Index fell from 74,5 to 70.1 during the same period.
109-Report: Relatório
110-Expenditures: Despesas
111-Customer: Cliente112-Services: Serviços

Sunday, March 12, 2006

Capítulo 02

CAPÍTULO 02

Observe o texto e escolha a história em que a Mônica e o Cebolinha estarão envolvidos:

a- Romeu e Julieta
Converse com os seus colegas e cheguem a uma conclusã. O que os levou a definir uma única escolha?
O fato de a história se passar na Itália, parecer se tratar de uma história de amor e, além disso, um conhecimento prévio das três histórias dadas como opção.
Que vocês sabem das obras relacionadas nas opções acima?
Eu já li a série Harry Potter e a séria Crônicas de Nárnia. A primeira conta a história de um jovem bruxo que tem seus pais assassinados por um bruxo das trevas. A segunda conta a história da Terra de Nárnia narrando sua história desde a criação. Apesar de não ter lido Romeu e Julieta, sei que se trata de uma história de amor platônico entre dois jovens de famílias inimigas.

Leia o texto 2 e marque(√ ) aqueles elementos que o constituem.

Nome dos pais.

Nome dos irmãos.
Nome completo.
Signo do zodíaco.
Local de nascimento.
Número de filmes feitos.
Data e dia de nascimento.
País de nascimento.
O que você acha que facilitou a sua compreensão do texto acima? (Texto 2)
A figura e um conhecimento prévio sobre o ator me ajudaram.
Você vai muito ao cinema?

Sim.
Quais tipos de filmes são os seus favoritos?

a- Todos

Você já viu algum filme com o ator citado acima? Qual(quais)?
Sim. A ilha, Titanic, O homem da mascara de ferro.

Que nome você daria a um texto como o que leu?
Ficha de apresentação.

Que elementos, normalmente, fazem parte deste gênero?
Dados pessoais que apresentam a pessoa de que o texto se refere.
Observe o texto 3 e defina o seu gênero.
É um anúncio eletrônico.
O que o levou a difini-lo como tal?

A presença de preço.
Qual o diretor do filme citado?

Baz Luhrmann.
Qual o preço do DVD?
$19.98

Quais são os atores do filme Romeu e Julieta?

Leonardo DiCaprio, Claire Danes.
Qual é a data desta edição especial?
1996

Quanto você poderá economizar na compra deste DVD?

$2.00 (10%)

Quem é o autor do romance Romeu e Julieta?

Willian Shakespeare.
Releia o texto 3 e faça uma pequena lista de palavras cognatas e termos em destaque.
Palavras cognatas: list - lista, price – preço, hours – horas e used – usado.
Termos em destaque:William Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet (Special Edition) (1996)”, “Leonardo DiCaprio, Claire Danes” e “Baz Luhrmann”.

O que são palavras cognatas?
São palavras que tem uma grafia parecida tanto em inglês quanto me português.
Faça uma pesquisa de 20 a 30 palavras cognatas.

Exist – existir, science – ciência, information – informação, intelligence – inteligência, fruit – fruta, insect – inseto, doctor – doutor, contain – conter, contrast – contrate, control – controle, chaos – caos, simple – simples, plan – plano, july – julho, march – março, police – polícia, fort – forte, divine – divino, dissolve – dissolver, dissipate – dissipar, disqualify – desqualificar, division – divisão.
Reúna-se em grupos e veja se descobre algo que seja comum neste grupo de palavras.
Escreva aqui as suas conclusões:
O grupo de palavras tem uma escrita parecida tanto em inglês quanto em protuguês.
Leia o texto 4 e defina com os seus colegas a qual gênero ele pertence:

Gênero: filmografia.
Justificativa: o texto mostra uma lista de filmes. E, além disso, o título já diz que é uma filmografia.
Faça uma leitura rápida do texto 5 e decida-se a respeito do seu gênero:

a- Biografia de um ator
Reúna-se com os seus colegas e faça um levantamento dos elementos textuais que os levaram a decidir pelo gênero do texto acima.
Uma leitura rápida e o reconhecimento das palavras conhecidas ajudarão na decisão do gênero. O primeiro parágrafo, ao dar os dados do ator, deixa clara a intenção do texto.
Leia as primeiras frases do texto 5 para uma melhor definição do seu gênero.
Marque em cada parágrafo as palavras cognatas, as repetidas e aquelas que você já conhece.

Veja qual foi o resultado . Discuta as suas conclusões com os seus colegas e anote-as no espaço abaixo.
Após essa análise, concluímos que as palavras repetidas e as cognatas são de extrema importância para a leitura em língua inglesa. Com elas fica mais fácil dar sentido às frases e, por conseqüência, aos textos.

Tuesday, February 28, 2006

INTRODUÇÃO

A) Estratégia: penso que Estratégia é a arte de usar os meios e recursos disponíveis para atingir um objetivo.
B)Tipos de aprendiz: concluí, após responder ao questionário, que sou um aprendiz que gosta de trabalhos individuas, porém, também gosto de trocar experiências concretas e interagir com os colegas de classe. Gosto de aprender usando a visão, a audição e a escrita, mas outras formas de aprendizagem também me interessam. Todas as formas de ensino, para mim, são interessantes.
C)Estilos de Aprendizagem: os estilos de aprendizagem da sala são bem variados. Ao comparar os resultados pode-se perceber que a classe é bem heterogênea e, portanto, necessita de atividades variadas para atender a todos os estilos de aprendizagem.
D)Tipo de inteligência: Grupo 02 – Lógico/matemática – Inteligência matemática - capacidade de raciocínio e de uso de números.


CAPÍTULO 1, PÁGINA 2

A) Que diferenças existem entre as duas situações?
Numa das figuras vemos um grupo de jovens usando o computador para estudos ou trabalho. Na outra, vemos uma mulher e uma criança indígena. O primeiro grupo aparenta ter um nível social médio, com um bom grau de instrução. O segundo aparenta ter condições de vida arcaicas e nenhum nível de ensino.
B) Na sua opinião, qual o motivo das diferenças?
Essas diferenças podem ter sido geradas por fatores geográficos, econômicos, sociais e também pela falta de oportunidades de ensino.
C) O que é cultura?
Valores espirituais e materiais transmitidos coletivamente.
Atividade e desenvolvimento intelectuais.
Conjunto de conhecimentos adquiridos em determinado campo.
D) Aponte aspectos culturais das artes, da ciência, da sociedade antiga e moderna.
Existem vários aspectos culturais que poderiam ser citados... Mas, na minha opinião, o mais interessante é a influência que a igreja teve na cultura. Ela influenciava a arte, dominava a ciência e ditava as regras da sociedade... Somente após o Renascimento as pessoas passaram a buscar seus próprios costumes e valores, e não apenas aqueles impostos pela Igreja.
Na sociedade moderna vivemos uma “cultura tecnológica”. Todos os costumes estão passando por transformações que giram em torno da tecnologia. A arte, por exemplo, passou a se apresentar por outros meios: páginas da web, desenhos computadorizados, etc...


CAPÍTULO 1, PÁGINA 3

A) O que dificulta a leitura?
O fato de não conhecermos certas expressões técnicas e/ou palavras torna a leitura mais difícil pois impede que retiremos um significado do texto. Outro fator que pode complicar a leitura são os erros gramaticais que o autor do texto possa vir a cometer.


CAPÍTULO 1, PÁGINA 4

A) Examine o texto acima (Culture) e responda:
1 Você já viu este tipo de texto anteriormente?
Sim. Em dicionários de língua inglesa.
2 O que significam os números colocados logo abaixo da palavra ‘culture’?
Os números demarcam as várias áreas em que podemos usar a palavra culture.
3 Qual o significado dos símbolos colocados à frente da palavra ‘culture’?
Esses símbolos indicam a maneira correta de pronunciar a palavra culture.
4 Qual a sua concepção de ‘cultura’?
Para mim, cultura é o conjunto de conhecimentos, costumes e valores que são passados de geração para geração.
5 Onde podemos encontrar esse tipo de texto?
Em dicionários da língua inglesa.
6 Como você chegou a essa conclusão?
Cheguei a essa conclusão ao perceber que o texto mostra os significados da palavra culture.
7 O que você encontra neste tipo de texto?
Nesse tipo de texto podemos encontrar o significado de palavras.
B) Desenvolvendo mais estratégias (End Child Exploitation)
1 Qual é o título do texto abaixo?O que você sabe sobre o assunto?
End Child Exploitation (Fim da exploração Infantil). Esse assunto vem sendo tema de inúmeras discussões ao redor do mundo. Formas de acabar com a exploração infantil vêm sendo estudas, porém, fatores como a pobreza e a falta de estrutura familiar dificultam esse processo.
2 O que você sabe sobre direitos humanos? Você já ouviu falar da UNICEF?
Direitos humanos são tratados que visam garantir o bem estar das pessoas. Sim, eu já tinha ouvido falar da UNICEF (Fundo Das Nações Unidas para a Infância).
3 Qual é o papel desempenhado por ela?
A UNICEF tem como objetivo garantir os direitos da criança e do adolescente e combater a exploração dos mesmos.
4 Discuta com os seus colegas sobre o assunto e façam algumas anotações dando exemplos de situações que envolvam o tema.
São vários os tipos de exploração infantil. Entre eles podemos citar o trabalho infantil e a exploração sexual de menores. A UNICEF trabalha para que esses problemas sejam resolvidos fazendo com que o jovem tenha uma vida mais digna.


CAPÍTULO 1, PÁGINA 5


A) Antecipação do conteúdo:
O Texto fala sobre a exploração infantil.
B) As opções a seguir foram usadas por mim para ler o texto 2:
Leu todas as palavras.
Fez uso do conhecimento prévio.
Usou a gravura para ajudá-lo a produzir sentido.
Examinou a fonte do texto.
Conseguiu entender o sentido através do título.